Carbon (C) steel is the most common steel due to its low cost, high use, and ease of forming. Carbon steels are typically used in transportation bridges, buildings, pipelines, and railroads. The alloying elements in carbon steels can include carbon, silicon (Si), chrome (Cr), nickel (Ni), copper (Cu), manganese (Mn) and molybdenum (Mo). The total of the alloying elements is typically less than 5%.
ACCURATE IDENTIFICATION OF CARBON STEEL ALLOYS USING HANDHELD LIBS